Periodontal Disease Management
Periodontal disease is an ongoing inflammatory infection that can damage the body in many ways.
Periodontal Disease Treatments in Airdrie
Red or inflamed gums are a cause for concern and should be looked at by a dentist as soon as possible.
Periodontal disease, such as gingivitis and periodontitis, are inflammatory diseases of the gums and bone surrounding the teeth.
With the help of our periodontists at Sierra Dental, these conditions are treatable, the longer the condition goes untreated, the fewer options we have for treatment and the more likely it is that teeth may be lost.
We have in-house periodontists that specialize in the management of a periodontal disease. This includes:
How Does Periodontal Disease Happen?
Our mouths have their own microbial ecosystems. Bacteria and other germs are kept in a delicate balance by each other, by enzymes within our saliva, and by proper oral care at home (brushing, flossing, etc.).
Unfortunately, a standard dental cleaning every six months are not always enough to stave off a dental illness.
Periodontal disease happens due to an imbalance or abundance of bacteria on your teeth.
Plaque is formed between your teeth and gums every day. It can be removed by thorough brushing and flossing.
If not removed, plaque can lead to dental problems such as infections.
Professional cleanings by your dentist or dental hygienist will keep plaque under control in places that are harder to reach by a toothbrush or flossing.
As your body tries to fight the bacteria, your immune system release substances that cause inflammation and destruction of the bone and gum tissue around the teeth.
As it progresses, you may experience swelling, bleeding gums, signs of gingivitis (the earliest stage of periodontal disease), and loosening of the teeth, a sign of severe periodontitis (the advanced stage of disease).
What Are The Signs Of Periodontal Disease?
If gum disease (gingivitis) is not treated quickly or properly, periodontitis can develop in the gums.
Gum disease is caused by a buildup of plaque on the teeth. Brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing are important to mitigate plaque buildup.
Symptoms of periodontal disease include swollen, sore or bleeding gums, loose teeth due to your gums receding, and bad breath.
If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, we strongly suggest you visit a dentist as soon as possible.
Preventative Dental Hygiene
The best way to prevent gum disease is regular, thorough brushing and flossing.
Although plaque buildup is the main cause of periodontal diseases, there are other factors that can attribute to the likelihood of gum disease, including medications, diet, oral habits, and other diseases.
It is also important to note that gum disease involves genetic factors, and can be much more difficult to control in some individuals.
Furthermore, gum disease in pregnant women has been linked with infants being born sooner, and at a lower weight.
When it comes to dental health, regular visits to a dental professional are essential.
Periodontal Disease Treatment
Treatment for gingivitis and periodontitis differ from case to case.
At Sierra Dental, our dentists will work with you to provide accurate, in-depth information on your condition, and a treatment plan that fits your needs.
Gum Disease Treatment
The first step your dentist will take is to examine the health of your gums.
This involves taking measurements between the teeth and gums to evaluate for the presence of disease.
Multiple x-rays might be required to investigate further and see how much bone has been lost as a result of the disease.
We will proceed to remove any plaque and tartar in an effort to control the disease.
If your case is more serious, your dentist may refer you to see our periodontist.
In most cases of early periodontitis, the first step is scaling and root planing combined with proper oral care at home.
The process of scaling and root planing removes plaque and debris from the space between the gums and teeth.
These steps may be enough to control early periodontitis, but in more advanced cases, surgery or tooth removal may be required.
Once you’ve been treated for periodontal disease, we highly recommend booking regular periodontal maintenance visits (also called Supportive Periodontal Therapy) and annual examination with our periodontist to periodically assess the health of the gums and bone.
This will help you to maintain control of the disease and increase your chances of keeping your natural teeth for life.
No matter how advanced their gum disease, patients should know that they always have options.